Genetic Factors
Research suggests a genetic predisposition to endometriosis. Understanding familial links can contribute to better prevention and targeted treatments.

Retrograde Menstruation
The theory of retrograde menstruation, where menstrual blood flows backward into the pelvic cavity, is a leading explanation for the development of endometriosis.

Immune System Dysfunction
Anomalies in the immune system may play a role in the persistence and progression of endometriosis. Exploring these factors can guide immunotherapy research.